My daughter got this bike as a Christmas gift and now the weather is nice its time to teach her how to ride a bike with out training wheels. We put the helmet on today and attempted to ride a bike. We did not go too long before I realized it was going to take some time and my daughter might not be ready yet.
So I did a little research and found this helpful information from REI. Any of you have any tips for teaching a child to ride a bike without training wheels?
Learning to ride a bike is a classic rite of passage and a skill that, once acquired, is never forgotten. Teach a child to ride and you fling open the doors to a lifetime of fresh-air fun and 2-wheeled adventure.
The method outlined here for teaching a child to ride a bike is the one used byREI Outdoor School instructors. It's not the only approach, and every rider proceeds at her own pace, but we've seen kids use it to learn to ride a bike in a single afternoon.
But there's no rush. The most important consideration when teaching a child to ride? Keep it fun. If your budding cyclist isn't having fun, he or she won't want to continue with biking.
Getting Ready to Ride
When Is a Child Ready to Ride a Bike?
You can generally start teaching a child to ride a bike between ages 3 and 6. Some children take to it naturally, and others don't. (One champion mountain bike racer we know didn't start riding bikes until he was 12.) The timing depends solely on your child's physical and mental development and comfort level. Don't force it.
Choosing a Bike
When you're ready to start your child on the road to self-propelled fun, REI offers a selection of bikes just for young riders.
No matter which bike you choose, make sure that your child can stand over the top tube with both feet planted on the ground. He or she should feel comfortable and in control of the bike at all times. This is the best way to ensure safety. When riding large, unwieldy bikes, children are more apt to lose control and crash.
For younger children who aren't ready for their own set of wheels, options range from bike seats to trailer bikes. Learn more about the choices in ourCycling with Kids article.
Start with a Bike Helmet
If you haven't already, it's time to introduce your child to a bike helmet. You may have one on hand from the days when you used a bike trailer or child seat. If that helmet still fits, your child can use that for learning to ride a bike.
See REI's selection of bike helmets for kids
Finding a Place to Teach Bike Riding
Choose an area that's conducive for a child to learn to ride safely. Look for a place that is:
This location might be a driveway, a park path or pavilion area, or an empty parking lot. Empty tennis or basketball courts can also work well.
Preparing the Bike
Our method for teaching a child to ride a bike emphasizes balance first, and adds pedaling later in the process. To begin, prepare the bike as follows:
1. Remove the training wheels
Training wheels help kids to grow accustomed to sitting on a bike and using their legs to pedal, but they won't help them learn to balance. When your child is ready to learn how to ride, remove the training wheels.
2. Remove the pedals and lower the seat
This allows kids to sit upright with their feet flat on the ground. The goal is to help them feel more comfortable and steady as they begin learning balance.
Note: Don't lower the seat too far. Young riders should be able to sit upright with their legs straight and feet on the ground. Don't lower the seat to the point where they have to bend their legs; that makes for an awkward riding position.
3. Properly inflate the bike tires.
The bike will roll more smoothly and your child will have an easier time coasting when bike tires are inflated to the correct pressure. (Look for the recommended tire pressure printed on the sidewall of tires.)
Learning without Pedals
Once young riders become adept at scooting the bike, they can be challenged to pick up their feet and coast. Make it a game: Count to 10 and see if he or she can coast with feet up for the full 10 seconds. Gradually add more time as they gain confidence in their coasting skills.
Turning and Coasting the Bike
Once kids have mastered the ability to scoot and coast the bike—and they are enjoying themselves—move on to turning and steering. Start them out with big, easy, looping turns
Keep things fun with an easygoing game. Here are a couple of ideas:
- Set up cones in a pattern and have your child practice steering between them.
- Set out a cracker to give a child a target to aim for. Place a cracker on the pavement 10 feet away and encourage him or her to run over it with the bike. This game teaches children to scan ahead and to direct the bike to a specific target. Move the cracker to 15 feet out, then 20 feet.
After some practice time, assess their progress. Children should be able to:
- Coast the bike with their feet up
- Make turns while coasting
- Look where their going (rather than down at the bike)
- Have fun while doing all the above
If your child is reliably demonstrating all these skills, it's time to replace the pedals on the bike. For now, keep the seat in its lowered position. Children should be easily able to place their feet on the ground whenever they want to stop.
Riding with Pedals
Next Steps: Pedaling the Bike
With the pedals back on the bike, teach your child how to start moving from a stopped position. Have your child stand over the bike with one foot flat on the ground, and the other on a pedal raised at the 2:00 position.
Coach your child to press down on the front pedal. Like the scooting action he or she's already mastered, this pressure will give the bike its forward momentum. Steady your child as he or she moves forward by placing a hand on a shoulder or the bike saddle—but let the child learn how to balance and feel comfortable on the bike without assistance.
Steering and Pedaling the Bike
As kids get the hang of pedaling a bike, they can start practicing turns. Encourage your child to do large circles and figure 8's.
Keep things fun by making a game out of steering and turning. Try one of these:
- As you did during the scooting/coasting phase, set up a line of cones (or other friendly objects) for your child to navigate.
- Or, place the now-familiar cracker about 15 feet away and encourage your child to try to run over it. It's not important that he or she runs over the cracker immediately, but it's good to provide a reachable goal.
Once simple turns have been mastered, set up a more elaborate pattern for your child to follow. For example, you can set out 3 crackers (or other items) so that they form an arc on the ground. Encourage your child to try and hit each one.
Stopping the Bike
Thanks to their proven scooting and coasting skills, children can already stop the bike by using their feet. Now, have your child practice gently pressing on the coaster brake until he or she can use it without wobbling very much.
To practice braking skills, try another game. Here are a couple of suggestions:
- Place a cracker or traffic cone (or other soft item) about 10 to 20 feet ahead on the ground and have your child try to stop before hitting it.
- Use simple verbal commands. Have a child ride 10 feet and practice responding to your shout of, "Stop!" Mix it up. Vary the distances and encourage ever-faster stops.
As your child becomes comfortable with braking, you can raise the saddle back to a standard position. To adjust the seat to its correct height, hold the bike steady and have him or her sit on the saddle. At the bottom of the pedal stroke, there should be just a slight bend (about 80-90%) in the knee.
For further tips on proper bike fit, see our article, Fitting Your Bike .
Follow the Leader
Once your child can ride fairly easily, get on your bike and have him or her follow you. Take it slow and easy, and make big turns every now and then. Set up a course with cones or crackers and ride it, too. If you use crackers, see who can hit the most. (Make sure your child does.)
Remember to reinforce success rather than focus on any mistakes your child makes. One of the most important parts of cycling with very young children is to know when to stop and rest.
Taking the Bike on the Road
Once your child has successfully mastered all these skills, it's time for a family outing. Ride to a local park or ice cream parlor as a reward for a job well done.
Before venturing onto a bike path or street, review the rules of the road. Make sure your child:
- Looks both ways before going onto the sidewalk (from the driveway).
- Wears bright clothes.
- Rides safely and in control of speed and braking.
- Is alert at driveways, gateways and intersections.
- Rides a safe distance from other bikes.
- Keeps to the right.
- Lets pedestrians know if when approaching.
- Lets a parent know when he or she is riding.
These are a few basic rules. Add and subtract where appropriate. Most importantly—children should be encouraged to have fun and enjoy their newfound, lifelong skill.